Properties in the Programme will fall into one of the following risk categories:
|Active Surveillance||Notice of
|Risk of infection||Low risk||High risk||Confirmed infection||Normal|
|Movement Control applied to the property||None||Notice of Direction (NOD)||Restricted Place Notice (RP)||None (RP lifted)|
|Programme activity||On-farm testing||On-farm testing||Depopulation, Cleaning
A farm is placed under Active Surveillance when there is a low risk of infection.
This includes farms that:
These farms are required to undergo testing and the management groups (mobs) of cattle that might have been exposed will be tested to determine their disease status.
There’s no evidence of M. bovis spreading across farm boundaries, unless cattle have mixed or interacted.
The risk is so low that the farms do not need to be placed under movement restrictions.
A very small number of farms placed under Active Surveillance are found to be infected.
A farm is placed under Notice of Direction (NOD) when there’s a high risk that cattle on the farm may be infected with M. bovis.
This includes farms where:
This stops cattle and other high-risk items at risk of spreading M. bovis from being moved off the farm (without a permit), while testing is done to determine if any cattle are infected.
While restrictions are in place the following cannot be moved off the farm without a permit (issued through MPI):
A Confirmed Property is either an Active Confirmed Property or Cleared Confirmed Property.
An Active Confirmed Property is a farm with management group(s) (mobs) of cattle that have been determined to have M. bovis.
A Restricted Place Notice (RP), which is the highest level of legal controls will be applied to the property. Some of the main controls include:
The affected cattle covered by the RP notice will be depopulated (culled).
Depending on the type of farm, it will go through cleaning and disinfection and/or a stand-down period.
Once this has been completed, and movement controls lifted, a farm becomes a Cleared Confirmed Property and can be repopulated with replacement cattle.
M. bovis can be extremely difficult to detect. A seemingly healthy animal can have M. bovis and still infect others. So if we confirm the disease in one animal we have to assume M. bovis has infected the whole herd is infected and cull them all.
The farm or affected areas of a farm will be depopulated and cleared of stock.
The Programme works with farmers to ensure the timing of any cull has the least impact on production.
After depopulation, the infected property will be cleaned and disinfected and undergo a minimum 60-day stand-down period where no cattle will be allowed on the farms.
Surveillance, monitoring and testing remains in place for a time as a further safeguard.
After depopulation, each area under the RP Notice will need to undergo:
C&D and stand-down requirements are determined by the farm type and level of risk associated with particular areas and items on the farm.
The aim of cleaning is to remove animal waste, debris, dirt and organic matter from surfaces.
Cleaning removes the majority of M. bovis bacteria from the environment and allows disinfectants to make effective contact with any remaining bacteria.
The aim of disinfection is to destroy any bacteria that may remain after cleaning. Disinfection is carried out by applying appropriate disinfectants directly onto the surface of an item or area for the recommended contact time to destroy M. bovis.
M. bovis is very fragile in the environment, so a stand down period enables the natural processes of time, dehydration, warmth and sunlight to reduce the number of any surviving M. bovis bacteria.
After an infected property has been depopulated, cleaned and disinfected, and had restrictions lifted, a farm becomes a ‘Cleared Confirmed Property’ and can be repopulated with replacement cattle.
Following C&D and stand down, farmers can repopulate their farm with new cattle.
The Programme works with farmers on a recovery plan that’s tailored to each individual operation.